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Frank Walter

Antiguan, 20th century
Born 1926, Antigua; died 2009, Antigua

The artistic heritage of the island nation of Antigua deepened dramatically with the recent emergence of its native son Frank Walter – reclusive artist, writer, philosopher and poet. Walter’s death in 2009 brought to light a remarkable trove of his paintings, sculpture, photographs, and constructions, along with at least 25,000 pages of his writing, that reveal a talent and intelligence not fully appreciated or understood during his lifetime. Walter chose to spend the last decades of his life isolated on a hilltop in a self-built house without water or electricity. Upon his passing, Walter’s family carefully recorded and conserved as many as 1,500 objects found in his home. The resulting cache of artworks, most being seen publically for the first time, is a strikingly beautiful panoply of forms and imagery that stake a claim to Antigua’s firm standing in world culture.

Frank Walter’s art, like his life, was deceptively simple, full of straightforward truths and complex contradictions. He was a keen observer of humanity though he spent much of his life alone. He was at once a common sign painter and a visionary abstractionist; a small-time photographer whose passport photos were also deeply penetrating portraits; a collector of discarded scraps, torn and creased, on which he would paint a sunset for the ages.

Walter worked most often with found materials on which he painted remarkable landscapes, as well as elaborate visions of the universe and cryptic musings on nuclear energy. Each displays a refined awareness of abstraction and design, and a formal sensibility reminiscent of the twentieth century’s greatest masters. The figure also plays an important role in Walter’s oeuvre, perhaps most arrestingly in his carved-wood sculptures that few have seen outside of his family. These intimate and soulful portraits are imbued with an uncanny human spirit that kept Walter company in his years spent alone. Whimsical signs and innovative, artfully constructed toys bear witness to the artist’s indomitable creativity.

But any discussion of Walter’s art must begin and end with the jewel-like landscapes painted on card stock that is actually the blank side of a Polaroid film package. As if to complete the effect, the artwork is humbly framed inside the spent black metal Polaroid cartridge to which it is naturally suited. It is there that the heart and soul of Antigua plays out on a 4 x 3 inch sheet with vivid colors, nuanced spatial relationships and effortless technique.

Other larger paintings are executed on the backs of his own photographs or those he co-opted from his one-time studio mate, a Reuters photographer. If the “Polaroid” landscapes are his travelogue works – his plein air notations while on the go – then these 8 x 10s are his more finished “studio” pieces, his fully realized compositions intended for a much dreamed of retrospective exhibition that was not to be.

In a poignant twist of fate, Walter has been selected to represent the nation of Antigua and Barbuda at the 2017 Venice Biennale, their first-ever participation in the international event.

- Thomas B. Parker 


Selected Solo Exhibitions

2017, Frank Walter: The Last Universal Man, 57th Venice Biennale, Antigua and Barbuda Pavilion, Venice, Italy
2017, Solo presentation, Outsider Art Fair, New York, by Hirschl and Adler Modern, New York
2016, Frank Walter: Lonely Bird, Hirschl and Adler Modern, New York
2015, Frank Walter, Ingleby Gallery, Edinburgh, UK
2013, Solo presentation at Art Basel Miami Beach, Miami, FL, by Ingleby Gallery, Edinburgh
2013, Frank Walter, Douglas Hyde Gallery, Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland
2013, Solo presentation at the Armory Show, New York, by Ingleby Gallery, Edinburgh

Selected Group Exhibitions

2017, ONLY Small Paintings, Fortnight Institute, New York
2015, Land & Sea, Danese/Corey Gallery, New York
2013, Songs of Innocence and Experience: Alfred Wallis, Forrest Bess & Frank Walter, Ingleby Gallery, Edinburgh, UK

Selected Publications

Paca, Barbara, Ph.D. Frank Walter: The Last Universal Man, 1926-2009. Sante Fe, NM: Radius Books, 2017.

Golden, Thelma. “Venice: triumphs and talking points.” The Art Newspaper, June 2017.

Amend, Christoph. “Hans Ulrich Obrist in Italy.” Weltkunst, May 20, 2017.

Cotter, Holland. “Venice Biennale: Whose Reflection Do You See?” The New York Times, May 22, 2017.

Jayawardane, M Neelika. “Black presences at the Venice Biennale.” Al Jazeera, May 20, 2017.

“The Good, the Bad, and the… Huh? Ranking the Venice Biennale’s Standout Moments.” artnet News, May 17, 2017.

Russeth, Andrew. “One Last Batch of Photos from Around the 2017 Venice Biennale, from the New V-A-C Foundation to a Sterling Lucy McKenzie Show.” ArtNews, May 16, 2017.

Farago, Jason. “Venice Notebook: A Feast at the Biennale and Beyond.” The New York Times, May 14, 2017.

Indrisek, Scott. “The Unknown Antiguan Visionary Who Knew-He Was "the Most Important Living Artist.” Artsy, May 11, 2017.

Gotthardt, Alexxa. “From Kiribati to Nigeria, 5 New Countries at the Venice Biennale.” Artsy, May 3, 2017.

La Rocco, Ben. “Outsider Art: Window to the Soul.” Hyperallergic, January 27, 2017.

Smith, Roberta. “Outsider Art Fair 2017: A Top Ten” The New York Times, January 20, 2017.

Krasny, Jill. “The “Lord of Follies” is Finally Getting his Due.” 1stdibs, January 25, 2016.

Sadler, Mark. “Frank Walter.” Frieze, Issue No.172, June, July, August 2015.

Paca, Barbara. Frank Walter. Ingleby Gallery, Edinburgh, UK, 2013.

Paca, Barbara. “Last Universal Man.” Raw Vision, Issue 75, Spring/Summer 2012.
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